現在の日本の憲法American influence,では無いですよね!明らかに!!










Japan Announces New Defense Spending Plan

December 28, 2022































ジェイク・サリバン氏は米国大統領の国家安全保障アドバイザーです。彼は日本の新計画を "大胆である "と呼んでいます。


しかし、中国、北朝鮮、ロシアの指導者たちは、この計画を非難しました。中国は、日本は中国の脅威に対して過剰に反応し、軍事的な購入の理由付けをしていると述べています。ロシアは、この計画は無制限の "軍国主義化 "だと批判しています。


ジェームズ・ブラウン氏は東京にあるテンプル大学の教授です。彼は政治学の専門家です。ブラウン氏は、この批判を”without foundation”、つまり、事実に基づいていない、と呼んでいます。





 Japan Announces New Defense Spending Plan

FILE - A member of the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) conducts a military drill with an anti-ship missiles unit, at JGSDF Miyako camp on Miyako Island, Okinawa prefecture, Japan, Apr. 21, 2022.

Under a new National Security Strategy (NSS) and other documents, Japan will nearly double its defense spending and deploy missiles in a new way.

Since the end of World War II, Japan’s military, called the Japan Self-Defense Forces, has held defensive, not offensive weapons.

In recent years, partly because of the growing influence of China in Southeast Asia, Japan has been reconsidering its position.

Under a new defense spending plan, Japan aims to purchase missiles that can hit military targets in other countries.

The spending means the world’s third-largest economy will no longer spend the ninth-most on weapons and defense.

The new plan will increase Japan’s spending from one percent of its gross domestic product (GDP) to two percent over the next five years. If this happens, Japan will move to third in the world in defense spending.

Japan will center its early spending on what it calls “counterstrike capability,” or the ability to hit targets in other countries.

The move has been the subject of debate within in Japan, as the country’s past guidelines restricted offensive weapons. Japan’s constitution, written after World War II with American influence, bars it from making war.

The new defense ideas in the NSS note that having missiles that can hit foreign targets acts as a form of defense. But the new documents say striking first “remains impermissible.”

Japan’s military says it will purchase hundreds of U.S.-made Tomahawk missiles, which can travel up to 2,500 kilometers.

The new defense plan was developed because Japan believes that the security situation in the region is at its “most severe and complex” since the end of World War II.

Japan is worried about recent military exercises by China and North Korea. In addition, Japan said it is concerned about Russia’s growing ties with China.

Military experts say Japan’s leaders are concerned that Russia’s 2022 invasion of Ukraine may set an example for other nations to follow.

Public opinion studies in Japan have shown support for the nation’s new military plan.

Jake Sullivan is the National Security Advisor to the U.S. president. He called Japan’s new plan “bold.”

But leaders in China, North Korea and Russia denounced the plan. China said Japan was overreacting to the Chinese threat as a way to provide a reason for the military purchases. Russia criticized the plan as unrestricted “militarization.”

James Brown is a professor at Temple University in Tokyo. He is a political science expert. Brown called the criticism “without foundation,” meaning that it is not grounded in facts.

He noted that Russia, North Korea and China all have many long-range missiles.



Words in This Story

gross domestic product (GDP–n. all the good and services produced in a country in a year which is considered a good measure of the size of a nation’s economy

counterstrike –n. a strike that is in reaction to a first strike

bold –adj. not afraid of danger or difficulty

long-range –adj. able to travel long distances